What is SOCIAL MEDIA!?
Social media are computer-mediated technologies that allow individuals, companies, NGOs, governments, and other organizations to view, create and share information, ideas, and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks. The variety of stand-alone and built-in social media services currently available introduces challenges of definition.
Social media use web-based and mobile technologies on smartphones and tablet computers to create highly interactive platforms through which individuals, communities and organizations can share, co-create, d
iscuss, and modify user-generated content or pre-made content posted online. They introduce substantial and pervasive changes to communication between businesses, organizations, communities, and individuals. Social media changes the way individuals and large organizations communicate. These changes are the focus of the emerging field of technoself studies.
Families Who Connect Through Social Media Feel Closer
Teenagers who are connected to their parents on social media feel closer to them in real life, according to new research from Brigham Young University.
The study of nearly 500 families also found teens that interact with their parents on social media such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram are more likely to be generous, kind and helpful to others.Lead study author Sarah Coyne said one of the reasons social media helps families feel more connected is because it provides people with opportunities to give positive feedback and show affection.
“Social networks give an intimate look at your teenager’s life. It lets parents know what their kids are going through, what their friends think is cool or fun, and helps them feel more connected to their child. It gives a nice little window into what is going on,” she said.
Coyne said half of the teens in the study reported being on social networking sites with their parents, while 16 percent interacted with parents every day through social media.
More frequent interactions were linked to more family closeness, she added.
“The more frequently parents used social media to interact with teens, the stronger the connection.”
However, parents need to be mindful not to take things too far with social media, she said.
“Parents need to be smart about how they use it. I think it is a really great tool to connect with your kids. But just like everything else, it’s got to be used in moderation. You don’t want to be the parent who posts embarrassing pictures of your kid all the time or makes snarky comments. You have to keep it at the level that’s appropriate and respectful of what the teen wants as well.”
Coyne acknowledged some of the improved closeness between teens and parents who interact through social media is a “chicken and egg” phenomenon.
“Parents who are more connected to their teens in general want to keep that connection elsewhere,” she said.
“As we have experiences in new media, it strengthens bonds that are already there. It’s kind of a rich get richer type of thing and cementing what’s already there.
“You don’t want these results to get overblown to say, ‘If you friend your kid on Facebook, you’re suddenly going to have a great relationship.’ It’s just one tool in an arsenal that parents have to connect with their teens. This is what teens are doing – they are on social media already, so it’s a nice tool to use,” she said.
The study also revealed overall social networking use, independent of parental use, was associated with certain negative outcomes for teenagers, such as higher rates of aggressiveness and internalizing behavior.
“That was a little surprising to me,” Coyne said.
“We tend to think of social networking as relatively harmless, and for the most part it really is. But kids who are using it a ton – we had some kids in the study who were using it more than 8 hours a day – some of them show problems in terms of aggression and depression.”
Coyne advised parents to be media savvy and stay up to date on social networking trends.
“If you really want to stay involved with your kid, you can’t be afraid to learn new technology, to learn new web sites and to know where your teen is.”
One of the most exciting developments for social work in the past few years has been the growth of the internet. Social media has enabled social workers across the world to connect, share knowledge and information, debate critical issues and provide support.
Last week I contributed to the 12th Maudsley Workshop at the Institute of Psychiatry which brought together social work academics, practitioners and social media thought leaders to discuss the benefits and pitfalls of using social media as a means of continuing professional development in social work.
Social media has revolutionised the way in which people communicate and share information – at local, national and international levels. Social media can help individuals and organisations to better understand, engage with and respond to people on the social web. Social networking is a fast moving and constantly evolving environment which presents both opportunities and challenges for social work.
The terms “social media” and “social networking” are often used interchangeably to refer to web-based tools and technologies that support online communication and information sharing. They turn communication into interactive dialogue.
The term social media encompasses various tools and services, including:
• microblogs, such as Twitter
• content-sharing services, such as Flickr, YouTube, Vimeo
• social networking sites (eg Facebook, LinkedIn, Ning)
• social bookmarking, such as Delicious
• location based services (eg Foursquare)
Why social media is important for social work
The best and most cost-effective outcomes for people who use services are achieved when professionals work and learn together, develop a common language and understanding and share knowledge and wisdom. The use of social technology and social networking enables people to collaborate, build relationships and share information and resources.
Social media is a new way to applying the communication skills which are an essential skill for all social workers. There is a challenge because social workers, like many professionals, have to ensure that their online presence is appropriate, while remaining alive to the potential benefits of social media for service users.
The statistics for internet usage (37.4 million UK adults use Facebook regularly, Twitter has 100 million active users worldwide and an estimated 15.5 million in the UK) underpin the importance of understanding the power and potential of communicating with service users and carers through social media.
How social workers are using the social web to engage and support service users and carers
MentalHealthcare provides reliable information about psychosis and is designed for family members and friends of people who have a diagnosis of schizophrenia, bipolar disorder or another illness that may result in the symptoms of psychosis. Ask the Experts allows the public to ask questions online.
On LinkedIn, a professional business network, there are a number of social work and social care groups, including the Advanced Social Work Practice Networkwith almost 1,000 members from across the world.
The Network for professionals working with vulnerable children and adults is breaking down professional silos with a membership which includes frontline social work and health practitioners, managers and academics.
Local authority use of social media
Some but sadly not all local authorities have embraced social media to enable staff to connect more effectively with their local communities.
Monmouthshire county council @monmouthshirecc engages with residents, community groups and partners using blogs, Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, Flickr and LinkedIn to get involved in local conversations. All staff have access to and are encouraged to use social media.
In Monmouthshire, foster carers are supporting each other with a private Yammer group.
Social media in the academic world
An invaluable online resource for social work is provided by Prof Gary Holden of New York University Silver School of Social Work. Information for Practice @Info4Practice helps social service professionals throughout the world to maintain an awareness of new developments, research and emerging scholarship. The LSE Impact of Social Science blog publishes a range of thought posts about the importance of social science research and education for government policy making, and a useful guide to using Twitter in university research, teaching, and impact activities.
In an increasingly connected world it is essential that information and support is available to enable service users and carers to make informed choices and have more control of their lives. The growth of social, location and mobile technologies are not a “magic bullet” to address the problems of communication deficits but they are important channels which social work needs to explore more fully.
A new media revolution
The rise of social media opened a new breadth for the traditional media in the Philippines. Apart from causing a shift in media usage and patronage, social media revolutionized media engagement.
Social media has elevated the power of the Filipino audience to influence content, treatment of stories and even the manner of news presentation. Today, Filipinos actively participate in documenting events. Citizens become journalists.
According to the January 2015 digital report of We Are Social, the Philippines is a world leader in social media penetration, with over 94 percent of its Internet users actively using Facebook. This is 40 percent higher than users in the United States.
In the Philippines, social media proved to be a potent journalism tool, which is especially valuable during disasters.
Social media and disasters
From typhoons to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the Philippines is among the most vulnerable countries to natural disasters.
Filipinos have become especially adept in monitoring typhoons through social media. Government agencies, the media and concerned NGOs have adopted a constant hashtag formula in curating social media posts on typhoons. Thus is the birth of hashtag typhoon name plus PH, i.e. #YolandaPH,#GlendaPH and #LandoPH.
Weather bulletins, flood level and other geohazard updates, as well as preparation and evacuation instructions, are being reported using the hashtag. This hashtag formula has now become a social media norm in reporting typhoons in the Philippines.
A tool for newsgathering
Apart from becoming a tool for information dissemination, social media has also become a source of news itself. Newsrooms refer to social media for additional information, and even for photos and videos. This is especially true when reporting the aftermath of disasters.
Filipinos tweet, post and constantly update their personal accounts about the recent disasters. Journalists also use social media to get leads on stories to pursue.
During the aftermath of Super Typhoon Haiyan in 2013, many of the most compelling videos shown on national TV came from citizens who documented the landfall through their smartphones and uploaded them on social media.
Filipino news agencies like GMA News and Rappler have come up with citizen journalism portals available via web and app to facilitate contribution of reports from citizen journalists.
GMA News offers “YouScoop,” which has an app downloadable via App Store, Google Play and the Microsoft Store. “YouScoopers” can also opt to tag user contributions via YouScoop’s social media accounts.
A tool for civic engagement
Engagement has become real-time and interactive, more than ever. Through social media, Filipinos can directly and easily communicate with news organizations and government agencies to follow up information on disasters.
Conversations with concerned agencies and the media were made accessible through chats on the comment boxes of posts. These once-elusive TV and print media have become a click away from the comforts of the audiences’ home.
Communication lines were shut down after the landfall of Haiyan in Eastern Visayas, Philippines in 2013. Survivors had difficulty connecting to their loved ones and the outside world.
Filipinos tracked their loved ones on social media as media outlets created lists of survivors that were later uploaded on Facebook.
Netizens also use #RescuePH and #ReliefPH to report much-needed rescue and relief assistance.
From being mere hashtags on Twitter, #RescuePH and #ReliefPH catapulted the creation of mapping platforms like Rappler’s Project Agos, a collaborative communication platform that connects citizens to concerned government agencies and sectors of the society through social media mapping.
In 2014, Facebook added a Safety Check feature. Once activated in countries recently hit by natural disasters, Safety Check allows users to select “I’m Safe,” and a notification and News Feed story will be generated with the update. This Facebook feature was first widely used in the Philippines after Typhoon Ruby in 2014.
Social media has proven its value in harnessing communications for disaster preparedness, mitigation, rescue and relief in the Philippines.
Social media empowered the audience, but it likewise entailed greater responsibility. Since the Internet offers a wide selection of news sources, audience should be more discerning. People should turn to credible news sources for verified reports.
While the traditional media in the Philippines seem successful in adapting and coexisting with social media, there still remains a wide spectrum of untapped digital resources that could improve disaster reporting, especially in terms of following up with stories on the rehabilitation stages of disasters.
Currently, the Philippine government’s recovery responses are surrounded by myriad issues. Despite the fact that they raised more than half a billion dollars of donations for the victims of Haiyan, approximately 130,000 internally displaced persons are still homeless in disaster zones.
The Philippines media is currently preoccupied by the politics of the May 2016 presidential elections. Even after two years, stories on the rehabilitation responses are dumbed down into mere profiles of the displaced victims. If not sufficient, thorough and data-packed reports on the pending government projects and the missing donations are disorganized, making it hard for the audience to follow through on issues.
Difference of THEN and NOW
It is very clear today that information is way quicker and faster , we can say it is real time nor latest. Unlike before it is somehow delayed, because it is a day after, before you know what happened in the world, before you get the latest news. It is in the form of television,radio that airs quite not for a long time, and print form where you will be able to read news a day after.